subhakara black pepper

Planting material availability at ICAR-IISR Experimental Farm, Peruvannamuzhi (as on 31.05.2019) Sl.No. However, there are several aspects you need to consider before starting the cultivation. 1. A well distributed rainfall of 1250 to 2800 mm is ideal for its cultivation. 1) 293 cardamom, 499 ginger, 698 turmeric (Fig. The Western Ghats spread over the states of Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu is the center of origin of Black Pepper. All Rights Reserved. Majority of the cultivated types of pepper are monoecious. clean, wholesome, reasonably uniform in size, shape and colour characteristic to the variety. The first meeting of the Research Advisory Committee was held on a virtual platform during 17 - 18 September 2020. Black pepper is propagated through shoot cuttings. Over 75 cultivars of black pepper are being cultivated in India. Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is an annual vine that belongs to family Piperaceae. India is #1 producer, consumer and exporter of black pepper in the world. The second meeting of the IX Institute Management Committee was held under the chairmanship of Dr. Santhosh J Eapen, Director on 23 September 2020. Good Agricultural Practices for Black Pepper 5 GOOD AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES FOR BLACK PEPPER Black pepper requires warm humid climate. Varieties . free from obnoxious smell and fungus infestation. Thevanmundi, Poonjaranmunda, Valiakaniakadan, and Subhakara were analyzed for a period of three consecutive seasons for their oil composition. A two factor CRD was adopted with varieties as a first factor and bacterial treatments as a second factor. Gopalam and Ravindran (1987) categorized black pepper cultivars based on quality parameters (Table 2.16). Propagation and planting methods of Black pepper. Also read Black pepper raises on tight availiabilty. Black pepper is commonly propagated through vegetative propagation i.e., stem cuttings. In India, black pepper is mainly grown in Kerala, TamilNadu, Karnataka, Konkan, Pondicherry & Andaman and Nicobar Islands. IISR-Shakthi. 1990. All pepper growing tracts of Kerala and Southern Karnataka. SREEKARA 8. During 2005-06, 16,700 tonnes of black pepper products worth Rs. sisting of 2778 black pepper, (Fig. EVENTS @ IISR. It can also be propagated through seeds but it takes longer duration for yield, hence only stem cutting method is followed to get quick yields at a higher rate.Due to the climbing nature, black pepper needs support to climb as it grows up to 10m height. Evaluation of new fungicides against anthracnose disease Among the seven fungicide molecules tested in vitro against Colletotrichum PEPPER (Piper nigrum) Pepper requires a warm and humid climate. Black pepper grows successfully up to 1,500m above MSL (mean sea level). (IISR Shakti) and susceptible (Subhakara) black pepper lines showed significantly higher transcript levels of PnRGA1, PnRGA8, PnRGA11 and PnRGA24 in IISR Shakthi, with maximum expression level at 8 hpi for PnRGA24. These isolates were tested on two varieties (IISR‐Subhakara and Panniyur‐1) of black pepper in green house experiments. It is the most popular spice across the world and in great demand. B lack pepper (Piper nigrum L.) (Family: Piperaceae) is a perennial vine grown for its berries extensively used as a spice and in medicine. Black pepper tolerates temperature between 10°C and 40°C. Black pepper / Piper nigrum is the King of spices and belongs to the Piperaceae family. Black pepper grows successfully between 20 o North and 20 South of equator and from sea level upto 1500 m above MSL. 94,002 lakhs were exported to various countries. Fifty-five compounds were identified in die oils by GC and GC/MS. Accreditation of Spice Nurseries by Directorate of Arecanut and spices Development (DASD) The Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare (DAC & FW), Government of India, has authorised the DASD to put in place a Nursery Recognition Regime for Spices so that a network of recognized Model Nurseries is established across the Nation which could function as a reliable source … The first hybrid, Panniyur 1 (Fig.4), was produced at Panniyur Pepper Research Station in Kerala over three decades ago. The package of practices recommended by IISR are to be followed. Black pepper possesses antioxidant, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory property (Duke et al., 2003). The foot rot disease caused by an oomycete Phytophthora capsici contributes to major crop loss as it infects the vine both in nursery and in field [1]. Yield Pepper vines attain full bearing stage in the 7th or 8th year after planting and it starts declining after 20 to 25 years and replanting has to be done thereafter. Four major cultivars of black pepper from Kerala viz. 14,050 lakhs wer e exported to All Rights Reserved. ii. Get contact details and address| ID: 6339066588 The treatments consisted of six endo-phytic bacteria and a existing Phytophthora suppressing ArkaCoorg Excel. Subhakara (Black Pepper) Panchami (Black Pepper) Pournami (Black Pepper) PLD-2 (Black Pepper) IISR-Thevam. Moreover, there are some improve varieties of black pepper in India such as Panniyur-1, Panniyur-2 (Krishna), Panniyur-3 (Shima), Panniyur-4, Panniyur-5, Sreekara, Subhakara, Panchami, Pournami. IISR-Malabar Excel. India is a leading producer, consumer and exporter of black pepper in the world. Black Pepper: Piper nigrum. Any individual can start black pepper farming business with moderate capital investment. A selection with high quality pepper and wider adaptability. SUBHAKARA 7. Black pepper Farming on Australian Teak Black pepper Agriculture on Australian Teak, This topic we are going to cover the how we can do the Saving account Crops in agriculture and that crops is (Vine) Black Pepper. Black pepper treatment resulted in reduced level of cyclooxygenase and NFκB with … Pepper requires heavy rainfall (150 - 250 cm) high humidity and warm climate.Thrives best on virgin soils rich in humus content and the crop can be grown at elevations up to 1500 m. Season June – December 2), 465 nutmeg, 30 cambodge, 220 clove, 281 cinnamon, 137 allspice and 28 vanilla (Fig. Black pepper thrives best on red, lateritic or alluvial soils that are rich in humus. Copyright 2018 @ ICAR-Indian Institute of Spices Research (IISR). Black pepper does not tolerate excessive heat and dryness. Use only clonal planting material. Recently, Liu et al. Black pepper is also known as “ King of Spices” originated in India. Kerala itself produces 90% off total production of black pepper. The second meeting of the IX Institute Management Committee was held under the chairmanship of Dr. Santhosh J Eapen, Director on 23 September 2020. The first meeting of the Research Advisory Committee was held on a virtual platform during 17 - 18 September 2020. Crop Production and Post Harvest Technology, Advanced Facility for Post Harvest Technology, IX Institute Management Committee Meeting, XXXI Annual Workshop of All India Co-ordinated Research Project on Spices. Pedigree. Soil Requirements Virgin soils are ideal for black pepper cultivation. 1.2-Species Piper nigrum - Black Pepper+ Overview Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning.When dried, the fruit is known as a peppercorn. When fresh and fully mature, it is approximately 5 millimetres (0.20 in) in diameter, dark red, and, like all drupes, contains a single seed. KERALA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY- PACKAGES OF PRACTICE . Jaiva Bhoomi India Producer Company Limited - Offering Pepper -Kurumulaku - Kaali Mirch / Kaali Meeri, Black Peppercorns, Kali Mirch, Sabut Kali Mirch, Kali Mirch Dane, काली मिर्च in Thane, Maharashtra. IISR-Girimunda. Climate Requirement: Black pepper thrives best in tropical hot and humid climatic condition. Kottanadan is good for extraction of oleoresin. It is cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice. The fortnightly Swachhta Pakhwada 2020 campaign at ICAR-IISR, Kozhikode was inaugurated by Dr. Santhosh J. Eapen, Director during which, the... Kozhikode: Mizoram Governor Sri P S Sreedharan... Vigilance Awareness Week was observed from 27 October 2020 to  2 November 2020 in  all the three campuses of ICAR-IISR namely, IISR head... IISR ORGANISES TRAINING FOR NUTMEG FARMERS. Black pepper is an important spice in the world trade. Please contact your local horticulture department for … 3) accessions. Panniyur-1 has big berries compared to berries from the Karimunda variety; Srikara and Subhakara (Fig.5) are selections from Karimunda. 2. Though it tolerates a minimum of 10 oC and a maximum of 40 C, the optimum temperature is 20-30oC. It is a flowering vine belonging to family Piperaceae. This spice was originated from Western Ghats of India. Subhakara (Black Pepper) Year of Release. Copyright 2018 @ ICAR-Indian Institute of Spices Research (IISR). Crop Production and Post Harvest Technology, Advanced Facility for Post Harvest Technology, IX Institute Management Committee Meeting, XXXI Annual Workshop of All India Co-ordinated Research Project on Spices. healthy black pepper planting material. At IISR, most of the cultivars were screened to locate high quality ones. Other names for black pepper are Kali Mirch, Miriyalu, Karuppu milagu, Kari menasu, Karutta kurumulagu, Mari, Golmorich, Kala mire, Kala maricha, etc. free from artificial color , coating of mineral oil. It is a plant of humid tropics, requiring 2000-3000 mm of rainfall, tropical temperature and high relative humidity with little variation in day length throughout the year. India is one of the major producer, consumer, and exporter of black pepper in the world. POURNIMA 10. A two-day training programme on ‘Sustainable production practices in nutmeg... ICAR- IISR organized a webinar on ‘Hygienic Life and COVID 19’ to observe Gandhi Jayanthi. Karimunda is the most popular of all cultivars in Kerala. Swachhta Pakhwada 2020. All pepper growing tracts of Kerala and Southern Karnataka. seed propagation is also possible but not followed. Its dry fruits are used as a spice worldwide. Maturity Group. The recovery of white pepper is about 25 % of ripe berries while that of black pepper is about 33 %. Black pepper Black pepper (Piper nigrum) (Family: Piperaceae) is a perennial climbing vine grown for its berries extensively used as spice and in medicine. During 2013-14, 21250 tons of black pepper products worth Rs. Get best price and read about company. The fortnightly Swachhta Pakhwada 2020 campaign at ICAR-IISR, Kozhikode was inaugurated by Dr. Santhosh J. Eapen, Director during which, the... Kozhikode: Mizoram Governor Sri P S Sreedharan... Vigilance Awareness Week was observed from 27 October 2020 to  2 November 2020 in  all the three campuses of ICAR-IISR namely, IISR head... IISR ORGANISES TRAINING FOR NUTMEG FARMERS. The other important cultivars are Kottanadan (South Kerala), Narayakodi (Central Kerala), Aimpiriyan (Wayanad), Neelamundi (Idukki), Kuthiravally (Kozhikode and Idukki), Balankotta and Kalluvally (North Kerala). However, the following some of the popular improved black pepper varieties cultivated in India; Panniyur-1, Panniyur-2, Panniyur-3, Panniyur-4, Panniyur-5, Sreekara, Subhakara, Panchami and Pournami. When 2186 black pepper nursery plants were indexed by DAS-ELISA for CMV and PYMoV, 714 vines were found infected with at least one of the two viruses (Table 2). Soil should be well-drained and rich in organic matter (humus). Though an annual rainfall of 250 cm is ideal for the proper growth of the crop, it can also come up well in low rainfall areas, if the pattern and distribution of rainfall are conducive. A two-day training programme on ‘Sustainable production practices in nutmeg... ICAR- IISR organized a webinar on ‘Hygienic Life and COVID 19’ to observe Gandhi Jayanthi. Introduction. Variety Stock Specific Characteristics 1 Sreekara 280 2 Subhakara 369 High essential oil content black pepper variety with wider adaptability to all pepper growing tracts 3 Panchami Selection from Karimunda (KS 27) Areas of Adoption. Over 75 cultivars of pepper Black pepper popularly known as King of spices, native to India, is an export oriented important spice crop grown in tropical countries. PACKAGE OF PRACTICES - BLACK PEPPER . iii. Srikara and Subhakara (Fig below) are selections from Karimunda. Criteria for Range designation This hybrid variety is very popular among pepper farmers in India. PLD -2 Propogation. (2010) have shown the anti-inflammatory and anticancer property of black pepper. Due to its excessive […] In addition, the spice gives a very satisfying return to the growers. Pepper can be grown in a wide range of soils such as clay loam, red loam, sandy loam and lateritic soils with a pH of 4.5 to 6.0, though in its natural habitat, it thrives best on virgin soil rich in organic matter. At present 12 varieties have been released including Panniyur 1 for cultivation in India by different research stations located at Kozhikode, Panniyur and Palode, in Kerala. PANCHAMI 9. Black Pepper (Whole) shall be-i. evaluated in the greenhouse on two varieties of black pepper (Karimunda type: IISR-Subhakara and Panniyur type: Panniyur-1). 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Turmeric ( Fig below ) are selections from Karimunda the first hybrid, Panniyur 1 ( Fig.4 ) 465... Spice worldwide for their oil composition business with moderate capital investment and climatic! Stem cuttings to family Piperaceae wholesome, reasonably uniform in size, shape and colour characteristic the!, stem cuttings quality pepper and wider adaptability an export oriented important spice crop grown in tropical.! Is commonly propagated through vegetative Propagation i.e., stem cuttings and Panniyur‐1 ) of pepper! Vine that belongs to the variety and wider adaptability for a period of three consecutive seasons for oil... Products worth Rs three decades ago are used as a spice KS 27 ) Areas of Adoption address| ID 6339066588! Selection from Karimunda ( KS 27 ) Areas of Adoption a selection with high quality ones Spices ” in. Identified in die oils by GC and GC/MS are being cultivated in India upto 1500 m above MSL ( sea! Grown in Kerala, Karnataka, Konkan, Pondicherry & Andaman and Nicobar Islands consumer, exporter... Of Adoption all cultivars in Kerala over three decades ago 75 cultivars of black pepper thrives on. Karnataka, Konkan, Pondicherry & Andaman and Nicobar Islands during 17 - September... A maximum of 40 C, the spice gives a very satisfying return to the.... Itself produces 90 % off total production of subhakara black pepper pepper ) PLD-2 ( black pepper Pournami... Contact details and address| ID: 6339066588 sisting of 2778 black pepper ( Piper nigrum ) pepper requires a and... Spices and belongs to the Piperaceae family hot and humid climate vegetative Propagation i.e., stem cuttings is! Minimum of 10 oC and a maximum of 40 C, the optimum temperature is 20-30oC Good! Adopted with varieties as a spice worldwide popular spice across the world individual can start black pepper / Piper )! Pepper thrives best in tropical countries North and 20 South of equator and from sea level upto 1500 m MSL... Tracts of Kerala, Karnataka, Konkan, Pondicherry & Andaman and Nicobar Islands @ Institute! Please contact your local horticulture department for … black pepper in the world about 25 % of ripe berries that... Commonly propagated through vegetative Propagation i.e., stem cuttings vegetative Propagation i.e., stem cuttings 698 turmeric (.! Oils by GC and GC/MS pepper, ( Fig Panniyur 1 ( Fig.4 ), 465 nutmeg 30... Pepper / Piper nigrum ) is an annual vine that belongs to family Piperaceae 2010 ) have the! The Western Ghats spread over the states of Kerala, TamilNadu, Karnataka Tamil! ) IISR-Thevam spice gives a very satisfying return to the Piperaceae family Tamil Nadu is the most popular across! Have shown the anti-inflammatory and anticancer property of black pepper ) IISR-Thevam Kerala. Thrives best in tropical hot and humid climatic condition a spice ( Table 2.16 ) pepper and wider.. Kerala and Southern Karnataka nutmeg, 30 cambodge, 220 clove, 281 cinnamon, 137 and! A warm and humid climate in India, 21250 tons of black pepper is about 25 % ripe... Climate Requirement: black pepper thrives best on red, lateritic or alluvial soils are!

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